Friday, 27 April 2018

Chappan Bhog or Mahaprasad

Mahaprasad is the term applied to the 56 food items offered to Lord Jagannath in the holy Temple of Puri.

According to ” Skanda Purana” Lord Jagannath redeems the devotees by permitting them to partake his Mahaprasad, to have His darshan and to worship him by observing rituals and by offering of gifts .Mahaprasad is treated here as ‘Anna Brahma’. The temple kitchen has got the capacity to cook for a lakh of devotees on a day. Mahaprasad is cooked only in earthen pots and medium of food is fire wood only. The steam-cooked food is offered to Lord Jagannath first and then to Goddess Vimala after which it becomes Mahaprasad. This Mahaprasad is freely taken by people of all castes and creeds without any discrimination.

When the steam cooked food is carried to Lord in slings of earthen pots no flavour comes up from the food but when the same is carried back to the sale point after being offered to the Lord a delicious smell spells along in the breeze to the pleasant surprise of the devotees. Now the food is blessed.
The tourists prefer to carry a particular type of dry Mahaprasad known as” Khaja” (made of maida, sugar and ghee) which stays fresh for days together. Order dry Mahaprasad at

Mahaprasad is ceased to be offered during the 21 days preceding the Ratha Yatra, as the lord is said to be having fever in that period.

Dried rice Mahaprasad known as “Nirmalya” is also used by devotees and tourists for different sacred occasions.

The main 56 items of CHAPANA BHOGA or MAHAPRASAD are as follows:

1. Sadha Anna – Simple Rice water
2. Kanika – Rice, Ghee and Sugar
3. Dahi Pakhal – Curd Rice and water
4. Ada Pakhal – Rice, Ginger and water
5. Thali Khechedi – Lentil, Rice with Sugar and Ghee
6. Ghea Anna – Rice mixed with Ghee
7. Khechedi – Rice mixed with Lentil
8. Mitha Pakhal – Rice , Sugar and water
9. Oria Pakhal – Rice, Ghee, Lemon and Salt


10. Khaja – Made of wheat
11. Gaja – Made of wheat, sugar and Ghee
12. Ladu – Made of wheat, sugar and Ghee
13. Magaja Ladu
14. Jeera Ladu
15. Jagannath Ballav – Wheat, Sugar and Ghee
16. Khuruma – Made of wheat, Sugar and Salt
17. Mathapuli – Made of Ghee, Ginger and a kind of beans ground in to a thick paste
18. Kakara – Made of Ghee and Wheat
19. Marichi Ladu – Made of Wheat and Sugar
20. Luni Khuruma – Made of Wheat, Ghee and Salt
(Onreturn of Bahuda Yatra during Suna Vesha, Rasagolla are offered as Bhogas but on no other day Rasagollas are allowed for Bhog)

Cakes, Pancakes and Patties

21. Suar Pitha – Made of wheat and Ghee
22. Chadai Lada – Made of Wheat, Ghee and Sugar
23. Jhilli – Rice Flour, Ghee and Sugar
24. Kanti – Rice Flour and Ghee
25. Manda – Made of wheat and Ghee
26. Amalu – Made of wheat, ghee and sugar
27. Puri – Made of wheat and Ghee and deeply fried like a small thin pan cake
28. Luchi – Made of Rice, Flour and Ghee
29. Bara – Made of Curd, Ghee and a kind of beans
30. Dahi Bara – Cake made of a kind of a beans and curd
31. Arisa – A flat cake made of Rice flour and Ghee
32. Tripuri – Another flat cake made of Rice, Flour and Ghee
33. Rosapaik – A cake made of wheat and
Milk Preparations
34. Khiri – Milk, Sugar with Rice
35. Papudi – Prepared from only the cream of milk
36. Khua – Prepared out of Pure Milk slowly boiled over many hours to a soft custard like consistency
37. Rasabali – Made of Milk, Sugar and Wheat
38. Tadia – Made of fresh cheese, sugar and Ghee
39. Chhena Khai – Made of fresh Cheese, milk and sugar
40. Bapudi Khaja – cream of milk, sugar and ghee
41. Khua Manda – Made of milk, wheat and Ghee
42. Sarapulli – This is the most famous and most difficult milk dish to prepare. It is made of pure milk boiled slowly for hours and spread in to a large pizza shaped pan.

Curry with Vegetables

43. Dali
44. Biri dali
45. Urid Dal
46. Muga Dal
47. Dalama – This is one of the typical dishes in Oriya Home. It is a combination of Dahl and Vegetable. Usually eggplant, beans, sweet potato and tomatoes, although tomatoes are not used in Temple preparations. Coconuts and a dried root of vegetables known as Bodhi which looks like a mush room and is high in protein are added.
48. Maur
49. Besar
50. Sag – A spinch dish
51. Potala Rasa
52. Goti Baigana
53. Khata
54. Raita – a yogurt like dish with curd and radish.
55. Pita
56. Baigilni

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